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Bladder Flukes

Four species of North American frog bladder flukes.

Fingernail clams first intermediate hosts.

Cercaria of Gorgoderina attenuata.


Juvenile Gorgoderina attenuata worms in the kidneys of tadpoles, and metacercaria stage from an experimentally infected damselfly.


"Maybe you understand frogs, and maybe you don't understand 'em; and maybe you've had experience, and maybe you an't only a amature." Mark Twain